Antisemitism is the world’s most enduring form of hatred, insidiously reinventing itself over the millennia.
Recent years have seen a dangerous resurgence of this hatred worldwide, threatening Jewish communities and undermining social cohesion. To effectively combat this phenomenon, there must first be a commonly agreed upon understanding of what it is. The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) Working Definition of Antisemitism was devised for this very purpose.
Since the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism was adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) in 2016, it has become the most widely recognized barometer in the collective effort against Jew-hatred, serving as an essential tool to identify and delineate all contemporary manifestations of this age-old societal scourge. The definitions proven effectiveness is rooted in the mainstream consensus that has coalesced around it worldwide - with a diverse array of international institutions and organizations, national and local governments, NGOs, universities, athletic clubs, and corporations using it as a non-legally binding guiding framework for recognizing modern-day iterations of antisemitism, training and and educational programs, policymaking initiatives, and judicial process.
As of November 2023, 1,212 entities worldwide have adopted the definition. Among those, 45 countries have done so — including the United States, Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, and France. In the U.S., 34 state governments have done so, either via legislation or executive actions, along with 85 city and county governments, such as Los Angeles, Washington D.C., Miami, Dallas and Wichita among others.
Support for the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism transcends the political and ideological spectrum, coming from entities and individuals of a broad swathe of religious, national, and cultural backgrounds.
My government pledges to embrace the definition of antisemitism adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance. Australia does so as a people, and as a nation. Antisemitism has no place in Australia. It has no place anywhere in the world.
We have seen over the past months, years, and decades the reminder that antisemitism persists and is pernicious. That’s why good intentions are not enough to counter them. That’s why we have fought, and will continue to fight hatred and division in our country…we adopted the working definition of antisemitism developed by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). And we will continue to firmly defend it.
The United States unequivocally condemns antisemitism and views the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) Working Definition of Antisemitism as integral to the fight to eliminate this scourge. It is widely accepted and used throughout the world by governments, international organizations, religious and sports entities, and other civil society organizations, which sends a powerful message of solidarity against antisemitism.
The Biden Administration enthusiastically embraces the 2016 International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance's Working Definition of Anti-Semitism, including its examples. We are eager to work with allies and partners to counter Holocaust distortion and combat anti-Semitism and other forms of intolerance abroad while we strengthen our efforts at home, including redoubling our efforts to counter violent extremism.
The fight against antisemitism beings with the ability to name this evil that eats away at our society, and this is why France now officially recognizes the definition of antisemitism adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance.
Today we commit to fostering Jewish life in Europe in all its diversity. We want to see Jewish life thriving again in the heart of our communities. This is how it should be. The Strategy we are presenting today is a step change in how we respond to antisemitism. Europe can only prosper when its Jewish communities feel safe and prosper.
I wish to acknowledge the efforts of the 31 member countries of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance to agree on a common definition of antisemitism. Such a definition can serve as a basis for law enforcement, as well as preventive policies.
Effectively fighting anti-Semitism here and around the world means fighting for democracy, for human rights, for stronger institutions and a culture of respect. Respect and acceptance. The international community has a responsibility to counter anti-Semitism and xenophobia. There is absolutely no excuse for inaction or denial. The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, after its plenary in 2016, adopted a definition of anti-Semitism which, as of now, [as] secretary general [will] make it the official definition of anti-Semitism for the work of the Organization of American States.
Learn More About the IHRA Definition of Antisemitism
by Watching the Video Below
Through June 2023, a total of 1,209 entities have adopted or endorsed the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism.
The surpassing of the 1,000 milestone from a previous report compiled by the Combat Antisemitism Movement (CAM) and the Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry at Tel Aviv University is a telling indicator of the far-reaching impact and influence of the definition and its accompanying 11 explanatory examples of prejudiced and discriminatory behavior against the Jewish people.
A total of 91 new adoptions and endorsements were reported in 2022 alone, while retroactive data collection from previous years added another 175. More than half - 52% - of adoptions and endorsements in 2022 took place in the U.S. and Canada.
The continued growth of the definition’s across-the-board acceptance was particularly pronounced this past year in the United States, where 18 states adopted it via legislation or executive action. More than half - 30 - of U.S. states have now done so, as have 56 American counties and cities.
The largest category for adoptions and endorsements in 2022 were non-federal government entities, including municipalities, counties, state and provincial governments, with 58 in total, including 32, or 55%, in the United States.
Broken down by country, the U.S. led the way in IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism adoptions in 2022, with 41, or 45% of the total, with Argentina (18), the United Kingdom (9), Canada (6), and Australia (4) rounding out the top five, with Germany and Italy following at three apiece.
HAVE ADOPTED THE DEFINITION
In total, 39 countries, including most Western democracies, have adopted the definition—28 IHRA member states, 5 IHRA observer states, and 6 nations unaffiliated with IHRA.
Following nations such as the United States, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, and France—among other previous adoptees, the newest additions to this group in 2022 were the Philippines, Colombia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina.
274 NGO'S, INSTITUTIONS AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
HAVE ADOPTED THE DEFINITION
22 NGOs, corporations, religious organizations, student clubs, political parties, and other groups adopted the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism in 2022, including 16 public and 6 private entities, bringing the all-time total to 274 (217 public and 57 private).
Two political parties—the Florida Democratic Party and the Bloc Québécois, were among the adoptees, as were 6 professional sports teams, all based in Germany or Argentina, including River Plate FC, VfL Wolfsberg, FC Nürnberg, Boca Juniors FC, Estudiantes de La Plata, and Club Atlético Independiente.
339 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
HAVE ADOPTED THE DEFINITION
A key category of the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism adoptions has been institutions of higher education, with 339 overall, and 8 colleges and universities worldwide adopted the definition in 2022—from the Nevada Board of Regents, City University of New York, and University of Pittsburg in the United States to the National University of the Arts, National Technological University, and National University of Lujan in Argentina and La Trobe University in Australia.
On rising American campuses experiencing a frequency of antisemitic incidents, there was a nascent shift in 2022 toward adoptions at the administrative level, rather than by student governments—similar to a trend that transpired in the United Kingdom in recent years.
464 NON-FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ENTITIES
HAVE ADOPTED THE DEFINITION
IHRA Adoptions & Endorsements
Report an IHRA Adoption
Use this Draft Proclamation to Adopt IHRA in Your State or Municipality
Overall, 41 countries—including the United States, Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, and France—have adopted the definition. In the U.S., 31 state governments have done so, either via legislation or executive actions, along with 69 city and county governments, with Los Angeles, Washington D.C., Miami, Dallas and Wichita among others.
EU Strategy on Combating Antisemitism and Fostering Jewish Life (2021 – 2030)
The first-ever EU strategy on combating antisemitism and fostering Jewish life (2021-2030) is an ambitious and comprehensive strategy adopted by the European Commission on 5 October 2021.
Germany's First National Strategy Against Antisemitism and for Jewish Life
The National Strategy regards antisemitism as a problem for society as a whole and is aimed at helping to prevent and combat antisemitism at every level of society. With this document, the Federal Government hopes to assure Jews in Germany that they have its support as well as the support of the public.